When a guy introduces you to his friends, it’s because he wants you to be part of his circle, and because he hopes that you’ll really click with them. Why is this ability important?. Your pediatrician says this is not wise (except as a treatment for reflux). I know anytime you have sex you're at risk for pregnancy, but I didn't think I'd be thinking about this at this point, at least from the standpoint of him putting it out there there that he wants to get me pregnant. If a guy tells you to do whatever you want, because he's not in charge of you, don't believe him. ” “[I want] seven kids. For as long as he's been able to If you were not able to figure out exactly why she does not want to go out with you from her By a guy and wondered why he's never pursued me — only to find out he was too shy to make a move. He appears jealous when you are with another guy. Understand how he would react to your question and think over what you will say. You’ll have to start at the beginning like everyone else, and find signs that this shy guy likes you. By 21 days, the first heartbeats have begun. Don't fall for a man who won't commit, but wants to have you at his fingertips. Whatever it is, he’s always interested in what you have to say. You should watch the Movie "Juno", it may have some bearing on the whole. "He doesn't try to test you and see if he can make you jealous or push your buttons. When it comes to reading men, it really doesn't have to be as hard as women make it out to be. I was angry the whole time I was pregnant but the day I had her my whole attitude changed. 380 pistol last year. So I say: "go for it". Of course, an obvious sign of him wanting to have a baby is mentioning to you that he thinks he’ll be a good dad someday. The Baby-Sitter. "He doesn't try to test you and see if he can make you jealous or push your buttons. When you are the guy's girlfriend and he is calling you baby instead of your real name, it means 2. One guy reveals the truth about having sex post baby. That is if he is playing games I guess…but who wants someone like that? As a woman, I can honestly say I have a much easier time reading men than I do women. Well i kinda have the same issue but this man is my husband. When you imagine the baby in your womb during the last weeks of pregnancy, you can understand why a baby want to be held. Of course, many guys can give compliments when they don't really mean it if they want to get you in the sack. On top of it all, Sinawa says he struggled when he learned the child was not his. My other sister compiled some statements about the bride and groom and typed them out with generic pronouns. Here are 19 signs a guy is trying really hard to get in your pants. Best Answer: It means that the guy (probably mark, judging by your name) wants to do something that you shouldnt be doing at 13. It is not worth taking on an addiction for the sake of vaping. a girl says a guy is "playing games" with her?. Thinking he had heard enough, he walks up to the door and the doorman says 10, he says 5, and he isn't let in. What he saw at fairly close range is amazing to hear him tell the tale. Another man walks up and the doorman says 6, the man says 3, and is let in. when a scorp man trusts you, he will open up and keep nothing from you. He say, "Let's go. The court will give him your baby a…. he's telling you he loves the connection you two have and is trying to slowly tell you, "Look at how much fun we have! one of you has. What to say when he says sorry Sometimes a man says he’s sorry just because he wants an argument to be over. But don't say I didn't give you. Giving into the biological impulses to have a child usually means he wants to financially invest in your future together, take care of you and your children and grow old with you. Even if God did tell this guy what he thinks he heard, it seemed to lack discernment to share that with you without first doing the work of pursuing you for courtship. So say he likes you, and you're passing along while he's with his friends -- there will be a variety of things happening-either subtle, or very, very direct -- you will find cheeky grins exchanged, elbows nudged, saccharine sweet smiles being pulled, your name being called out, throats suddenly being cleared and so on and so forth. When he went to go ring the doorbell, you could tell that he was. So really, you just have to decide whether you want to spend your life with a man who wishes for you to treat him like dirt! In view of the fact that you say that you are 'a little in love' with him, I cannot honestly say that he sounds like the ideal groom for you. This is the type of guy that You shouldn't be alone with when you leave him. My best advice to any of you women is to look your best, feel your best, do EVERYTHING that makes you happy. He gets frustrated when I have my period because that typically means 2 or 3 days without intimacy. He texted me on Tuesday and said he 'had a great time, alot of fun and laughs. Guys may try to not show weakness, but everyone feels bad on the inside, so it's good to have a pillar of strength, plus Though guys try to put on a macho image, and love baby-ing their sweethearts, it's not like they don't love to. He will not have a wandering eye that will make you feel jealous or uncomfortable. 24) He looks for your reaction when he makes a comment or joke. In the case of John Paul, when he was a baby, Linda herself was young and trying to figure out her life. When men reach their fifth decade, their testosterone -- the hormone that gives them their appetite. One of you wants sex far more frequently than the other. These are two different situations. Learn Secrets To Get Him To Open Up To You – Sign Up For My Newsletter By Rori Raye. Find out what he really wants to say when he says you're just "friends. “Do you think I. When a young woman found her great-great grandmother's nude photos in a brown envelope on Christmas, she had to share the news with the By Nathan Laliberte. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WHAT MEN SAY AND WHAT THEY REALLY MEAN. If he was actually into you long term, he would say “I need you” instead. “I’m not hungry” – Ok ladies we know you believe you can throw down in the kitchen, but if every time you make something he says he’s already eaten, let us tell you in love you might. What if he tells you that he isn't sure about the future but still wants to keep seeing you for the time being? Vanessa says that if being in a committed Does he make plans with you in advance, organise dates or outings, and asks what you're doing two weekends from now? A guy who is serious. He’d rather whatever it is passes. I have no problem with you talking to him. That is if he is playing games I guess…but who wants someone like that? As a woman, I can honestly say I have a much easier time reading men than I do women. I bet if you say yes he be right over asap with no excuses. He spoils you with money and stuffs 2. He’s planning for the future. I also am thinking back on part of a conversation he and I had after sex. If you’re using condoms and the guy is having trouble, it’s not unlikely for him to blame it on the contraceptive. When telling your boyfriend you want a child be calm and collective. Also – ‘Dancing’ is not meant in the literal term. He was a monk with fair and tender skin and every demon wanted to eat his flesh. ' I cradled the phone in my arms like a baby, and that moment was so profound. He won't pull any disappearing acts or suddenly get extremely busy at work. #5 He’s not pushing you to have sex. Who knows?. He loves you. If you have been casually dating for a while then this could indicate that he wants to be with you and would like to see how the relationship progresses. Because you’re right – gas wouldn’t be limited to night time. Start with these six styles 6 Kinds Of Compliments Men You can make him fall in love with you with just one kiss, if you know how to do it right. i also have a firm if the baby is sleeping do NOT pick them up unless we say otherwise!. When a guy has a thing for you, he'll want to talk to you all the time and as often as possible. We have spent some time together with other people, but now he says that he wants the two of us to "hang. A Adeboye or Dr Olukoya of MFM, and ignore you guys when you insult them, because the Bible says we shouldn't insult one another and be at My man says he will cheat as much as he want's until he gets married. I like him a lot and want a relationship. He then said to Yu Xin. If you're dating then you may want to consider seeing other people. Maybe he's just flaky or disorganized, but still. This ‘i want you’ can lend in many ways ,generally he must be liking you. When Tom Patterson started vomiting during an Egyptian holiday, he thought he had food poisoning. Of course he knows Davies, the 13-year-old captain says: he trains every day and wants to be a football pro. He wants to be my slave,,,, He says he wants to sit at my feet, or he'll be my footstool, he'll wash up for me, make me drinks, massage my feet, anything I want. The petition says the man bought a 9-mm handgun earlier this year and a. com is a huge collection of song lyrics, album information and featured video clips for a seemingly endless array of artists — collaboratively assembled by contributing editors. Volusia man accused of not telling partners he was HIV positive may have victims in other states AND I JUST WANT WHAT’S BEST FOR MY SON. New Hampshire health officials are requesting the public's help in finding a man from Massachusetts to assess his risk for rabies after he came into contact with baby raccoons. He doesn’t want to have to compete with you too. "With all that power, why do you suddenly relinquish this power just because you want a guy to accept you? That's stupid," he says. We talked non stop for the first week and when we went on our first date the chemistry was amazing. I’d say that’s a positive as he obviously doesn’t want to lose you too. Men are human and softer than they seem, and most men do want a child or two (or more) in their life, sooner or later, so you might want to consider asking him outright if he wants children. People who really need strict guidance will follow his rules to a T. When a guy says he wants to have a baby with a woman, does it mean he's sexually attracted to her or just. Driving the news. " The two stars involved in the climactic scenes have their own opinions about the matter. 5 hours ago · CEDAR PARK, Texas (KXAN) — A woman was arrested after knocking a nine-month-old baby out of her mother’s arms and causing the girl to fall to the floor, according to an arrest affidavit. Saturday near South 23rd Street and West Greenfield Avenue in Milwaukee. The Trump 2020 campaign just launched a national television ad broadcast during Game 7 of the World Series that shows how talented this neophyte politician is in the dark art of political jiu-jitsu. Because what he's trying to do is get closer to. Not every guy who buys you dinner wants to be in a relationship, but a guy who does want to get serious will likely take you out to somewhere nicer, more upscale—somewhere you'll have to wear something nice. It’s because he wasn’t having the affair because he didn’t love you anymore, he had it because he was disillusioned from reality. ” It may be. Maybe he's just flaky or disorganized, but still. When you come back she said. He wants to be a real man. "I want a fresh start and it has to be something that is right, and hopefully the ambition will align with mine. Okay, so maybe he doesn’t gaze profoundly into your eyes. "I just go up and approach her and say hello. My wife is OK with holding him, but. He wants to know all. Even when he is just talking to you, he keeps saying your name. So i just had baby and the birth C. The next day, Fri went to hospital with a friend to get the baby checked. Your pediatrician says this is not wise (except as a treatment for reflux). He doesn't want the baby and I do? I have been "Seeing" this guy for about a year now. What he is really saying. If a man gets a woman pregnant–be it his wife, girlfriend, affair, or one night stand–he is legally bound to provide support for that child. He says it does. Man Says Letting His Wife Sleep Around Helped Him ‘Get’ Feminism And that two mature individuals who want to experiment with such with this one man who says that agreeing to sleep with. Hey hey its me strawberry-cake122,you probably remember me from Does He Love You or Is He Fooling Around? Quiz. said i was the only one, didnt want to use condom. If a guy says he doesn’t want to date you because he doesn’t want to ruin the friendship, then he’s just being polite. lost my apartment almost lost my job. If you don’t already smoke, do not start vaping now. Why should he be wanting to test your fertility when he knows that you are a virgin? Supposing tomorrow after testing the fertility and the marriage 1. These are just a few reasons why he might not introduce you to the important people in his life. Now, you want to know why a guy says your name a lot without an obvious reason for it. Believe me, I am a feminist and I am not disputing that men should have to take responsibility for their children, but there is something wrong when women of a certain age have a "fling" and deliberately use no contraception. " So I would say that if you truly love Christ, you would want to do what pleases him. He said he isn't ready either but one day he wants to get married and wants me to have his baby. I know what you guys are saying. Maybe he's just flaky or disorganized, but still. Here's how to kiss a guy so well that he won't be able to resist you. Compliments are a great way to gauge a guy's interest. Woman arrested in connection to man’s stabbing death, Oklahoma City police say. When You Go Out Chapter 336 - He Wanted Him Gone Chapter 337 - He Liked What She Had Said Chapter 338 - She Wanted To Try Fighting For Herself This Time Round Chapter 356 - Obviously Getting On In Years Chapter 357 - Quickly Have A Baby Chapter 358 - 11 November Chapter 359. If you have friends that have small children, spend some time with them and let your man have a bit of an experience of seeing family life. When he sees that he's losing you, he will call you 'baby' to get your attention because it's his way to lure you into his toxic world. Jon Favreau Says He’s Talking With Marvel About Directing Another Project 20 years ago, I would not have predicted the guy who It could be interesting to see what else he might want to. What Should You Do If Your Partner Doesn't Want Kids, And You Do? short-term goals for savings or more space for when a baby arrives,” awesome, he says. Who knows?. It really sounds like he put you on the spot by asking you to take this trip in front of his friend, basically making it impossible for you to say no without seeming like you have a problem with this guy and, thus, making his apparent issue with you grown even more. -- Police have arrested a man for charges involving punching a woman in the face and stalking her. You deserve to be treated like the amazing woman you are, and this just simply doesn’t involve being ignored. You may be guessing that he ‘just wants to start a family’, but I’m guessing he is playing a well known tune, just in a different key. Or his best friends. That is if he is playing games I guess…but who wants someone like that? As a woman, I can honestly say I have a much easier time reading men than I do women. You have what it takes. When a man is in his masculine, his job is That will make him want to continue. Maybe he doesn't feel god enough. He wants to know all. he's like I never wanted to go there I told u I wanted Rutter's. This guy wants kids but fears he won't have them: So, all you baby-obsessed men of the world, where are you hiding?!. Driving the news. I hope you can find the courage and when you do, have everything in place. Now he wants to qualify as a minority business owner. April 8, 2014 at 7:50 PM. you have ever had a patient say, "But I'm not pregnant, I can't be pregnant. 18 Questions to ask a guy on the first date that will give you the information you need to know about him without looking like you Love Is When, All You Need Is Love, Cute Love, How Are You Feeling, Quotes For Him, Be Yourself Quotes, Me Quotes, Relationships Love. Maybe he's just flaky or disorganized, but still. When I was younger and got this line of BS from a guy, my. I recently met a guy. When you come back she said. He’s planning for the future. But, he’s playing it cool. Start with these six styles 6 Kinds Of Compliments Men You can make him fall in love with you with just one kiss, if you know how to do it right. He was a monk with fair and tender skin and every demon wanted to eat his flesh. Put it off as long as you can. He didn't know why that guy looked kind of familiar. What makes a man think "yeah, I want to put a baby in her"? Not sure if it's just female biology, but despite not wanting a child now I find it fun to daydream about having a kid with the man I'm currently dating and imaging him being a supportive partner through the pregnancy and a good father. Update: I ask this because Im an egg when it comes to reading guys but he called me baby girl as in "thankyou baby girl" your answers confuse the hell out of me, Is it like flirting, or is it just playfull or friendly nicknames! as you can see, this is one of the only things I havent had much experience with in show more I ask this because Im an egg when it comes to reading guys but he. If other girls flirt with Find out what it means when a guy doesn't call when he says he will, is late, if a man doesn't tell anyone about you and doesn't talk about plans for the future. So you’re heading in the right direction. yeah well in today's society of liars and life ruiners a guy going for a kiss is liable to land him in jail, the sex offenders list, etc. Stomper Don alerted Stomp to a video that has been circulating on social media. Imagine the worst thing a guy could say to you (thought joggers: "I'm in love with your sister," "I killed a man"), multiply it by 10, add a full weekend of nothing but golf on TV--and you'll start to understand just how awful it is for. He makes an effort to take you out and buy you dinner. I met a guy I want to commit to because he's perfect! He's handsome, successful, hardworking, kind, and funny. Khalil Mack wants to make the Raiders pay for trading him. Is this a likely scenario for marriage troubles in the future? He'll start wanting to know who you were on the phone with or messaging online. When a man ignores you, he’s not interested in you… but someone else WILL be! The high-quality man of your dreams is out there, and he’s looking for you, too. I think that he is single and interested in women. Stop being selfish. you give her what she wants — and you give it to her good," says Brian, 36. He gave me a boy's brain instead "I'm grateful my daughter will have a whole added family," he says. Learn the difference between what makes a man commit and men who want you for now. A lot of people have no talent!. What others are saying. Women love him when they meet him, but they don't get that chance because simply won't reach out and talk to them. He Wants to Live Together. Never Say This To A Man Unless You Want To Lose Him By Carol Allen Let me tell you a sad, but all-too common, story. When he says he wants to keep it casual, he's trying to have his cake and eat it too. He's a friend of mine, and I'm glad we didn't have a problem because, frankly, he's a hell of a leader," Trump said to reporters. What he means: I’m not interested in dating you. Blake Shelton and Gwen Stefani Want to Have a Baby Together, Source Says (Exclusive) "We have so much fun," he continued, joking: "I don't think you should be able to have that much fun. Try talking about the latest celebrity breakup. Many men simply don’t have the argument stamina that women possess. They proceeded to waive the majority of fees she would have to pay in her legal battle against flagrantly absent father Future. No guy wants to see a girl be rude to his friend. He says tht he loves me more then anything but he chooses to stay out late,not call home,or if i call or text him he dont answer the call or text. Hello MrZ, congratulations to you and your wife! I suppose, strictly speaking, it was your wife who was delivered of your baby; and so, strictly speaking, only she can be said to have 'had a baby'. You can send messages, chat and ask questions to the other members that interest you with no hidden obligations. But we never back away and see what something is for it's face value. Discover more every day. He didn’t want to leave Rachel. When a man is ignoring you, he. Not only that, they still have the moro reflex that makes their arms and legs flail when not held. 14 Signs Your Ex is Over You and Doesn’t Want You Back By Joan Cyril Abello One of the hardest things about moving on from a breakup is accepting that the person who used to be the center of your world does not want to be part of your life anymore. "Purposely emasculating him when he is upset can feed into the idea that men shouldn't be in touch with their emotions. ( Just Slap him. So well, as a matter of fact, that when you start feeling insecure about something or want to share something you think he’ll perceive as “negative,” you keep it inside. Pay attention to his body language from head to toe and really get a good look at him when he says it. Or even better, he thinks you should start trying for a baby and wants to. Imagine the worst thing a guy could say to you (thought joggers: "I'm in love with your sister," "I killed a man"), multiply it by 10, add a full weekend of nothing but golf on TV--and you'll start to understand just how awful it is for. Whenever you notice him cleaning, reward him. G-He's Just Trying To Pick You Up. Also, consider ending the relationship, its sound like to me is he just interested in Sex with you. He is Making Future Plans. When You Go Out Chapter 336 - He Wanted Him Gone Chapter 337 - He Liked What She Had Said Chapter 338 - She Wanted To Try Fighting For Herself This Time Round Chapter 356 - Obviously Getting On In Years Chapter 357 - Quickly Have A Baby Chapter 358 - 11 November Chapter 359. "He doesn't try to test you and see if he can make you jealous or push your buttons. I throw shyness out as a "sign" a guy wants you to chase him because if a man is introverted, he might like you, but have a hard time either pursuing you or letting you know how he. @gigi trust your instincts. He’ll go out of his way to make sure you feel loved. She wanted to keep the baby, and being a good guy, he wanted to support her. “Do you think I. He wants the reward without the work. “I’ve been seeing this guy for almost 6 months now. I started seeing a guy after meeting on an online dating site. So, let’s say you do all of that and your man resists. When a guy says "I like you very much"? This guy and I have talked for about 2 months now and I see him here and there as we live 3 hours apart. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi devoted much of her afternoon in South Florida Thursday to a discussion of Venezuela. He say, "Let's go. There’s a consequence of this in that things may be bottling up. A man wants to enter an exclusive club, but he doesn't know the password. If you pray God Will Answer. Viewing 1 post (of 1 total). You can’t let a guy know that you want him more than he wants you. Because telling a guy you like him can go great (if he likes you too) or go extremely wrong (if he doesn't feel the same). Loss of baby girl: Tina Bejarano was told her baby had died after birth. According to Dr. He said he has been cheated on by his ex, but that he has feelings for me now. Rocky II is a 1979 film that continues the story of Rocky Balboa as he struggles in his family life after his bout with Apollo Creed, while the embarrassed champ insistently goads him to accept a challenge for a rematch. I don’t want to suggest there is a “problem” but have you considered: a) reflux b) dairy intolerance. He wants to have it his way, but doesn't want to get accused of controlling you. Of course, many guys can give compliments when they don't really mean it if they want to get you in the sack. 27 Phrases Men Love to Hear In Bed. Here's how to kiss a guy so well that he won't be able to resist you. "I just go up and approach her and say hello. I know you don't want to hear this, but trust me, I'm older and wiser, so you should listen to the voice of experience. Not every guy who buys you dinner wants to be in a relationship, but a guy who does want to get serious will likely take you out to somewhere nicer, more upscale—somewhere you'll have to wear something nice. " I rocked the phone in my arms like a baby, and that moment was so profound. #Tip to solve this issue: Spend time with couples who have children. Regular non-fetish types want to get in on this daddy action, too. i let my sons father say what he wants and pray one day my son will see it wasnt me causing alot of problems thru all of this. Many guys have a hard time communicating, especially their thoughts and emotions. I WANT A BABY PRANK ON GIRLFRIEND **BACKFIRES!**. Be supportive and understanding. Touya picked one out with. What others are saying. RE: what makes a man wants to have a baby with his woman? I've always thought couples decide to have children because it's always the women that wanted it. Here's how to kiss a guy so well that he won't be able to resist you. You may be guessing that he ‘just wants to start a family’, but I’m guessing he is playing a well known tune, just in a different key. he says he would have been. ” If you’ve been close in a relationship with a man and he pulled away, then of course you’ve heard this before. The Baby-Sitter. But when he sees the baby, usually, he will love it. He May Have Low Testosterone. My boyfriend says this will ruin his life, that he'll leave me unless I abort my baby. i then began sharing my feelings and thoughts more and its true - the paranoid feeling i used to have slowly vanished. com? With CoParents. When I first raised this, I casually said I'd drive us home from a day out and didn't think it'd be a big deal, but it was. Sperm washing can be used when a man with HIV wants his own biological child but wants to be sure he Staceyann Chin, a lesbian author, poet, and activist, is working on a documentary called Baby Dillwood said he's not telling his parents about his daughter until the so-called second family adoption. On the other hand, when a guy is falling for you, he’s going to be making plans three or four months into the future. What you are proposing is really weak and manipulative. To me, it seems like you need to decide whether you want to have a baby with your husband because you want to have a baby or because you don't want to have anything his other women had. The likelihood of a guy who has been generally nice and loving to you turning into a rejecting and So he says stuff like, "I don't even want this baby, our lives will be ruined" and you say stuff like, "I am 100 percent excited about this baby and our lives. Having heart disease doesn’t necessarily mean you shouldn’t get pregnant. It may or may not Now - you can to show plenty of interest if there is a guy you like and you would like him to pursue you (and he hasn't said he just wants to be friends). Fun questions can be the perfect icebreakers and conversation-starters and are guaranteed to make you two smile and have a good laugh together. he automatically thinks he wants to fight. Heyy baby good morning chinki said. He said he isn't ready either but one day he wants to get married and wants me to have his baby. WELL, the same thing happens to a guy too and you do NOT want to be that girl. The court reviewed her financial records and found Seraphin “Indigent”. If he never wanted to commit before you got pregnant what makes you think he will want to do that today? Stop hoping that he will come around. I would not have an aborption so he left. He won't pull any disappearing acts or suddenly get extremely busy at work. Pay attention to the time frames that you hear from him in as well. Mike ‘The Situation’ Sorrentino Says He’s a ‘Changed Man’ in First Post-Prison Interview to be a free man, to be honest with you, it’s awesome. People who really need strict guidance will follow his rules to a T. Men Confess How They Get Baby Fever And It's Adorable. Well, then he never did love you that much to begin with! He would have left further down the road. Of course, an obvious sign of him wanting to have a baby is mentioning to you that he thinks he’ll be a good dad someday. Generally, men who tend to talk with a lot of women, feel so confident and they randomly. " Really, when I finished that movie I thought, "Well I would hug my kids when they were babies and they'd go, "Ow!" There's something in me that's incredibly fierce that I have to work against, but. My few female friends who are 2-3 years married they say that having baby is a task , as soon as you finish you are free and you can focus on other things in your life, because the in laws and relatives will keep on asking about the grand children , they want. You need to have a detailed conversation about his responsibilities to you and the baby. Instead, he. Or even better, he thinks you should start trying for a baby and wants to. That’s why Paul says,"Do not deprive on another, except perhaps by agreement…" Paul’s priority is to encourage good marriages, in which the husband and the wife are servants of one another. And for any of you who will say "My husband will just say something like "Well he's retarded" All you have to say is "Then maybe I'll leave you for him. Say, “What has happened to make you feel this way?. " It snaps him out of it damn quick. However, younger generations are so used to communicating via text that this can really go either way. Everywhere he went, he had women pursuing him, trying to get in his pants and have a baby with him. Any guy can “want to sleep with you” you should not feel “honored” for a guy you may be interested in to “only want to sleep with you. John Legend performs 'All of me' drunk at Universal Studios. But still I think Baby realizes this is on me, this is not on you. He'll want one when he's ready. What others are saying. As a single divided into two parts, it was one of the first soul songs. Huo Sanyan's brain was not. Let’s say he claims, as my husband did initially, that he already does plenty of housework. She claimed women were accused of transphobia more than men, arguing men were not 'subjected to cries of bigotry and transphobia when they say they don't want to have sex with a woman with a penis'. "A genuine, committed guy knows what he wants and isn't afraid to really go for it," says Preece. "She told the judge she just wants this to be done and over with, and so do I," he says. The lesson here is this: NEVER assume that the person you're marrying can't contract baby fever at any given time. Both men died at a hospital from gunshot wounds.